Learn to use your SLR camera: tips for amateurs
A digital camera can be divided into three essential components: the camera body, the lens, and the camera body’The camera body is like a “darkroom” equipped with a few controls that can be used to control the camera’and the sensor (electronic). L’s body automatically selects the time of the lens to capture the light’The camera controls it and the sensor the’record.
In short, the’The camera body is like a “darkroom” equipped with a few controls that allow you to control the light in the best possible way. The most important control is the one concerning the shooting modes, which you find on a wheel placed on the top of the camera’camera.
This wheel is the real heart of the program’digital camera. And thanks to it, the photographer can decide how the lens works’The camera and the degree of control it has over the image’he wants to have on the picture or, at the’It is the opposite, from the moment when it is necessary to delegate to the recorder’The camera uses the controls to better focus on the composition.
You can choose to switch to fully automatic programs or do everything yourself. You can see these programs with the word PASM (Program AE, Program Aperture, Program Time Priority).
Choose the shooting mode
- Program AE (p)
In this case, the’The camera automatically chooses the shutter speed’exposure and aperture priority’aperture. As a photographer, you can vary these two parameters, but for each measurement or each shot, the’The camera once again offers a setting that can be adjusted to suit your needs’it considers correct.
The P program is recommended when you do not want to vary the parameters mentioned above. It s’It acts of’a simple shooting mode, suitable for beginners, but who sooner or later will start to perfect their photography.
- A/Av Time Priority’aperture
With this program, you choose the’aperture, the’camera automatically adjusts the shutter speed’shutter. It is recommended to use the P program’You can use these programs when you want to focus on controlling the blurring of subjects in the frame.
- Time Priority S/Tv
At the’It is the opposite of the previous one, it allows you to set the speed of the control’exposure, the’The camera automatically sets the aperture’required opening. Ideal for occasions when you want to control the movement of the subject.
- Manual mode (M)
With the manual mode, you can do what you want with the device and the (electronic) sensor’As soon as the camera is ready, you have full control over the camera’It is useful for example when shooting with a flash in a studio or when shooting at night, but be careful with this program, you can make more than one image’errors. It is’act d’The Gumbo program is a useful but not essential program in some cases. It is for example useful when you take pictures with flash in a studio or when you take pictures at night.
The time of’exposure
By setting the’If you want to use the camera on time priority, you have full control over this shooting setting. The time to’The exposure influences the movement of the camera body’The camera is ready for use’image.
You have to pay attention to two movement times: the subject’s, which is obvious, and the camera’s, which automatically chooses the movement time’It is useful for example when you are taking a picture of an object. To avoid this, it is necessary to adjust the aperture’use fast times greater than 1/60th of a second.
For example, if you are shooting freehand and using a shutter speed of 1.0 or 2.0, it is recommended to use the P program’1/2 second shutter speed, your photo will be ready to be taken.
Aperture and focus
When setting the camera’The camera is set to the time priority program’opening, you have total control over the value of’aperture that influences the depth of field.
L’opening the aperture decreases the depth of field, so that the main subject appears sharp while the lens is not’The aperture will allow you to focus on the background and other subjects closer to the camera’camera are blurred. On the contrary, the’use of’a closed aperture will bring everything into focus in the different planes of the picture.
The focus points
SLR cameras use x number of AF points spread over the entire image area’framed image. Many photographers prefer to use the center point of focus and then crop the picture.
Cameras offer you at least three focus modes:
- Single AF.
- Continuous AF: focuses continuously, ideal for moving subjects.
- Automatic AF, the’camera passes from the’AF simple to use’Continuous AF when’It sees a moving subject.
ISO sensitivity and white balance
L’Increasing the ISO sensitivity allows you to take pictures in low light conditions at a faster shutter speed’fast enough shutter speed to avoid moving the camera’camera. A high ISO is sometimes useful when you need to take pictures without a tripod.
The quality degradation you see when you increase the ISO is inevitable. Even if you are using a camera with a’a large sensor or many megapixels.
L’light intensity n’This is not the only thing to worry about when using a camera’you learn to take pictures with your camera. The color of the light also changes, especially when shooting under artificial light.
White balance is used to correct the color cast. All SLRs offer an automatic white balance option. This option works well as long as the light conditions are not “too” difficult.
The format of’JPG or RAW image
Every digital SLR camera offers you the possibility to take pictures in two different formats’different image formats, namely RAW and JPG. The JPG format allows you to’They can be used to obtain already “edited” pictures that can be viewed on a computer’The format of any camera and be used immediately in any camera’You can process them in any situation. But this format of’The image quality is very limited’intervening in post-production.
RAW is an English term that means “raw”, in photography it refers to the “raw” image’image stored on the camera’s memory card’Even if you are using a camera with an SLR and that does not have an aperture’has not been modified in any way.
The raw photos contain a lot of detail’The white balance is used to correct the color cast’editing without losing quality. You can recover areas of the image that are not in focus’image that are dark or light. But all that glitters is no’It is not necessarily the result of the’or.
Lenses and focal length
Reflex or mirrorless systems are photographic systems with a high degree of flexibility’You can recover areas of the interchangeable lenses, which is the most important part of the image’one of their advantages. Besides the’Even if you are using a camera with an SLR that does not have a maximum aperture, which is the main value of lenses, lenses are classified according to their focal length, which determines how far they can reach’It’s not just the angle of view or “the part of the scene being shot” that is important. You can use different ones, and to acquire them at a lower cost, click here !